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Saturday, November 1, 2014

Pagan History, Lore & Myth for November

**The following information has been compiled from numerous sources including the internet, date books, and history books. It is INCOMPLETE!  However, I hope to add to it as I get more information.  The purpose of this calendar is to educate and entertain only, and it does NOT represent the practices of any specific individual or group in practice today.**

~ I would like to extend a special thanks to Karen Szabo, who was responsible for compiling and providing much of this information. ~


Currently the 11th month on our (Gregorian) calender, November gets it's name from the Latin "Novem," meaning nine.  On Ancient Roman Calenders, November was the ninth month. However, in the Celtic tradition November is the beginning of the New Year.

The Birthstone for November is Topaz
November birth signs are Scorpio (10/24 - 11/22) or Sagittarius (11/23-12/22)

November is a sacred month to numerous Pagan Deities including: Astarte, Cerridwen, Circe, Cybele, Freyje Hathor, Hel, Holda, Kali, Maman, Nepthys Sekhmet and the Calleach.  It's also a month associated with Banshee and other nature spirits or fae who carry messages between this and the Otherworld.

Other Correspondences are as follows:

Herbs: Ginger, hops, wormwood, hussop, patchouli, mugwort, nutmeg, star anise.
Colors: Black, white, purple.
Flowers:  White lily, dahlia, chrysanthemum.
Scents:  Rosemary, dragons blood, lilac, pine, wisteria.
Stones:  Topaz, obsidian, onyx, Apache tear.
Trees:  Pine, cypress, yew, elder.
Animals:  Bat, wolf, sow, dog, snake.
Birds:  Owls, raven, falcon.

~ November 1
In 1979, this date, the Aquarian Tabernacle Church, one of the first Wiccan organisations to obtain legal recognition, was officially established in the United States.

On this day in ancient Rome, the harvest-goddess of fruit trees, orchards, and all fruit-bearing plants was honored with a festival called the Pomonia (Feast of Pomona) which marked the end of the growing season.

Many modern Witches celebrate the day after the Halloween Sabbat with a feast commemorating fruition, maturity, immortality and resurrection.

All Saints' Day. This is one of the most magickal and powerful days of the year to practitioners of Voodoo, and a time to perform rituals for spiritual strength and protection against evil loas (spirit-gods).

In Latin America and Spain, the Day of the Dead is celebrated on this date with offerings of food to honor the spirits of deceased loved ones.

A festival known as Cailleach's Reign is celebrated annually on this date by many Pagans throughout Ireland and Great Britain in honor of the ancient Celtic Crone-Goddess.

~ November 2
All Souls' Day, a day of prayer for the dead is celebrated by Catholics around the world. In England, small offerings known as soul cakes are traditionally set out for the dead every year on this date.
According to folklore, this is considered to be an extremely unlucky day for wedding ceremonies. Those who are wed on All Souls' Day are sure to be cursed with misfortune, illness, divorce, or an early death.

In 1983, Circle Sanctuary purchased the land which would become their nature preserve.

~ November 3
On this date in the year 1324, a Witch named Dame Alice Kyteler suffered death by fire in the first and most famous Witch trial to take place in Ireland. Nine others were arrested, found guilty, and sentenced to various punishments.

In Egypt, the final day of the Isia takes place on this day. This annual festival celebrates the rebirth of the god Osiris through the sacred and life-giving milk of Isis.

~ November 4
King Tut Day is the celebration of the discovery of the short lived king's tomb.  Although this celebration is more popular among historians and school children than the average person, celebrations often include trips to local museums or the reading of any number of Egyptian historical books.

In ancient times, a Pagan festival honoring the Lord of Death was celebrated in England every year on this night (the Eve of Guy Fawkes Day). The bonfires and mischievous pranks associated with modern England's Mischief Night are actually remnants of the old Pagan customs.

~ November 5
Every year on this date, young men gather in Shebbear, England, to turn a large red rock called the Devil's Boulder. The centuries-old custom of turning the one-ton rock (which was flung into the village square by the Devil himself, according to English folklore) conjures up ancient magickal powers and brings peace and prosperity to the village.

~ November 6:
On this day, the birth of Tiamat ( an ancient Babylonian goddess known as the Dragon Mother) is celebrated. According to mythology, Tiamat and her consort Apsu gave birth to all the gods of the world, and the earth and the heavens were created from Dragon Mother's severed body.

~ November 7:
Night of Hecate. In ancient Greece, a fire festival was held once a year on this night to honor the goddess Hecate.

Modern Witches invoke Hecate for protection and fertility, as she is both a protectress of all Witches and an ancient deity associated with fertility.

In the Hawaiian Islands, the ancient god Lono is honored annually on this day by the Hawaiian Harvest Festival. The Makahiki festival also takes place in Hawaii on this day.

~ November 8:
In Haiti, farmers make offerings of yams to their family's ancestral spirits and household gods every year on this day (approximately) in order to insure a bountiful harvest in the next year.

Hettsui No Kami, the kitchen-range goddess, is honored on this day in Japan with an annual Shinto festival called the Fuigo Matsuri.

On this day in 1610, the 31 individuals, mostly women, would be sentenced in the Witchcraft trials in Basque Zugarramurdi.  11 or 12 (records are unclear) of whom were burned at the stake (two of which symbolically as they had died during the trials).

~ November 9:
Day of Remembrance for Queen Sigrith of Sweden. History says that when Olaf the Lawbreaker had been king of Norway for three years, he asked Queen Sigrith of Sweden to marry him. She agreed, but when he insisted that she give up her ancestral Gods Sigrith replied, I do not mean to abandon the faith I have led, and my kinsmen before me. Nor shall I object to your belief in the god you prefer. Olaf struck her with a glove. The wedding was off - depriving Olaf of political power that could have sped the Christianization of Scandinavia. As it were, history tells us that the Heathens held on for over 300 more years in the Northlands. Hail Sigrith, defender of Asatru, and women of stubborn virtue!

In Thailand, a traditional witch-magick ritual is performed annually on this date. Banana peels and lotus leaves are made into little boats and filled with candles and various offerings to the gods (such as incense, coins, and gardenia flowers). Secret wishes are made as the "boats" are set adrift on a river, and if the candles keep burning until they are out of view, the wishes are said to come true.

A massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich on this night in 1938, into the next day, has come to be known as Kristallnacht or The Night of Broken Glass. The night sees over 1,000 synagogues burned (95 in Vienna alone) and over 7,000 Jewish businesses destroyed or damaged. At least 91 Jews were killed in the attacks and over 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in Nazi Concentration camps. This night is often considered hallowed and rituals for peace, healing and/or remembrance are not uncommon among those with Jewish heritage.

~ November 10:
On this date in olden times, Old November Eve was celebrated throughout the Scottish countryside. The goddess Nicnevin was honored with prayers and feasts, and it was believed that she rode through the air and made herself visible to mortals on this night.

On this date (approximately) in the year 1493, famous Hermetic philosopher and alchemist Paracelsus was born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. (However, other sources give his date of birth as December 17, 1493.) Paracelsus possessed remarkable healing powers and believed in a universal natural magick. Contrary to many writings about him, he was not a sorcerer or a practitioner of ceremonial magick (in fact, he was known to be rather skeptical of the so-called Black Arts); however, he did believe in astrology and often used magickal astrological talismans (inscribed with planetary symbols) in his medical practices. He died a mysterious death in Salzburg in the year 1541.

~ November 11 :
Faeries called Lunantishees are honored on this day; they are the guardians of blackthorn trees or sloes and permit no one to cut blackthorn branches today. It was considered prudent in olden times to leave an offering of cake, butter and milk or ale outside the door or on a windowsill, in order to procure the Lunantishees` good favor and avert the mischief they can cause. Some consider this a general festival honoring all the Faerie Sidthe.

A festival called the Day of the Heroes is celebrated annually on this day by Pagans and Wiccans in northern Europe. The ancient deities of the Norse mythos are honored with prayers and merry feasts.
On this day, the annual feast of Vinalia was observed by the ancient Greeks in honor of the wine-god Bacchus.

~ November 12:
An annual festival called the Epulum Jovis in Capitola was celebrated on this date in ancient times in honor of Jupiter (the supreme god of the ancient Roman religion, identified with the Greek god Zeus) and the goddesses Minerva and Juno. Animal sacrifices were made at temples in the city of Rome and bonfires were set ablaze at sunset.

~November 13:
Back in medieval times, the thirteenth day after the Witches' Sabbat of Halloween was considered a day of darkness, evil, and misfortune. It was believed to be a time when necromancers and sorcerers of the left-handed path summoned up evil spirits and demons to assist them in their practice of the Black Arts.
In some parts of the world, the old superstition persists that if the thirteenth day after Halloween falls on a Friday, all persons born on that day will possess the power of the evil eye.

World Kindness Day evolved from a series of conferences in 1996-1997 in Japan by a group known as the World Kindness Movement. These conferences brought together groups interested in promoting more kindness around the world.  It culminated in the "Declaration of Kindness" on November 13,1997. With this declaration, a new and very special day was born.

~ November 14:
On this date, an annual Druidic festival known as the Feast of the Musicians is celebrated by many Wiccans to honor the ancient Celtic gods of music. Traditional Pagan folk songs are sung around an open fire as various offerings are cast into the flames.

At temples throughout India, children gather annually on this day to receive divine blessings from the Children's Goddesses: Befana, Mayauel, Rumina, and Surabhi.

~ November 15:
On this day in 1993, The Aquarian Tabernacle Church is officially established within Canada.

Albertus Magnus, the purported creator of the philosophers' stone died today in 1280.

Ferona, an ancient goddess who presides over fire, fertility, and woodlands, is honored annually on this day with a Pagan festival called the Feronia.

In Japan, a centuries-old ritual for good health (Shichi-Go-San) is performed annually on this date in Shinto shrines. The ceremony involves children who have reached the ages of three, five, and seven. At the end, the children are given candy blessed and decorated with symbols of good fortune.
On this date in the year 1280, German alchemist and ceremonial magician Albertus Magnus died. According to legend, he discovered the Philosopher's Stone and also created a supernatural zombie-like servant using natural magick and astrological science.

~ November 16:
The Night of Hecate begins at sunset. This is also the night of Hecate’s supper at the Crossroads.  People who worshiped Hecate honored Her by preforming Sympathetic Magick and holding a supper at what they believed to be the Crossroads; in addition, it is said they sacrificed animals  in honor of Her.

On this date (approximately), the annual Festival of Lights is celebrated in India to mark the Hindu New Year. Candles are lit to honor Lakshmi (the goddess who presides over wealth, prosperity, and sexual pleasures), and homes are decorated with ancient good-fortune ritual designs called kolams.

~ November 17:
The last of three annual festivals of death is observed in certain regions of China on this day (approximately). Paper clothing and money labeled with the names of the dead are traditionally burned as offerings to ancestors in the spirit world.

On this date in the year 1907, famous occultists and author Israel Regardie was born in England. He belonged to the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and was a onetime secretary of Aleister Crowley. He wrote numerous books which continue to be popular among Witches, Neo-Pagans, and practitioners of the occult arts. Regardie died in the year 1983.

~ November 18:
Ardvi, a Persian goddess believed to the Mother of the Stars, is honored annually on this date with a sacred festival called the Ardvi Sura (The Day of Ardvi). The festival, which takes place under the nighttime stars, has been celebrated by the faithful in southwestern Asia since ancient times.

On this date in 1898, Infamous Occultist, Aleister Crowley was initiated into the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn.

~ November 19:
Birthday of Wiccan Elder and Teacher, Lord Theodore Parker Mills (1924)

Warlock Day. According to medieval superstitious belief, the first stranger you meet on this day who is dressed in black from head to toe will be a warlock (a male Witch). Take care not to look him directly in the eyes; otherwise you will become bewitched.

~ November 20:
The Church of All Worlds, the Neo-Pagan Organization founded by Oberon and Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart, incorporates in Australia on this day in 1992.

On this night, when the Pleiades (a cluster of stars in the constellation of Taurus) become visible to the naked eye, native rituals and celebrations begin in Hawaii to mark the beginning of their harvest season and to honor and give thanks to the ancient god Lono.

~ November 21:
In ancient times, a joyous Mayan festival honoring the god Kukulcan began each year on this date. The celebration lasted for several days and nights.

This day is also sacred to the Pagan gods Chango, Damballah, Quetzalcoatl, and Tammuz.

~ November 22:
On this date (approximately), the Sun enters the astrological sign of Sagittarius. Persons born under the sign of the Centaur-Archer are said to be optimistic, enthusiastic, curious, and often outspoken and prone to exaggeration. Sagittarius is a fire sign and is ruled by the planet Jupiter.

In 2006, the first pentacle in a VA cemetery is granted to Patrick Stewart in Nevada. Then Governor Bob Miller granted approval for the plaque in the state cemetery prior to the nationwide approval.

~ November 23:
Today we celebrate the birthday of Lady Tamara Von Forslun, founder of the Church of Wiccan and the Aquarian Tabernacle Church in Australia.

On this day in England, Saint Clement (the patron of ironworkers) is honored with elaborate rituals. However, in ancient times, this day was celebrated with a Pagan feast in honor of the wizard-blacksmith of the Saxon deities.

In Japan, a rice harvest celebration called the Shinjosai Festival for Konohana-Hime is held yearly on this date. It is dedicated to the granddaughter goddess of the solar deity Amaterasu.

~ November 24:
In Japan, the annual festival known as Tori-No-Ichi takes place on or around this date. Traditionally, special bamboo rakes decorated with symbols of good fortune are carried through the streets in order to attract benevolent spirits.

In ancient Egypt, the sacred goddesses of light and birth were honored and invoked annually on or around this day with prayers, libations, and the ritual burning of special lamps.

~ November 25:
Edward Kelley, also known as Edward Talbot, was a convicted criminal and self-declared spirit medium in England, during the Renaissance period.  He claimed to have the ability to summon spirits or angels on his crystal ball and stated that he possessed the secret of transmuting base metals into gold.  He lived a generally nomadic life and worked with Dr. John Dee off and on over a 20 year period. Kelley was imprisoned by the Emperor or Prague in 1591 after being unable to produce alchemical gold.  He would die while trying to escape a Bohemian prison.  John Dee recorded his death in his journals today, in 1597. Kelley was 42.

Windmill Blessing Day. In days of old, many millers in Holland would bless their windmills on or around this date each year by throwing a handful or two of flour into the wind as an offering to appease the mischievous invisible entities known as the Windmill Spirits.

~ November 26:
On this day (approximately), annual manhood initiation rites are performed by young males in the Basari villages of Senegal. The centuries-old ceremonies are followed by a joyous celebration of dancing, singing, and athletic competition.

A centuries-old fire festival takes place every year on this day in Tibet. The festival is dedicated to the ancient goddesses who rule over light and fire.

~ November 27:
The Feast of Ullr is to celebrate the Hunt and to gain personal luck needed for success. Weapons are dedicated on this day to Ullr, God of the Bow. If your hunting arms were blessed by the luck of the God of the Hunt, your family and tribe shared the bounty with a Blot and Feast to Ullr.

The Indian Mother-Goddess known as Gujeswari is honored on or around this date each year by Buddhists and Hindus in Nepal. Prayers are recited throughout the day, and a musical procession fills the streets with sacred songs after sunset.

In India, a religious festival called the Parvati-Devi takes place on this day each year. It honor the triple goddess known as the Mother of the Universe, whose three goddess aspects are Sarasvati (Maiden), Lakshmi (Mother), and Parvati (Crone).

~ November 28:
Sophia, the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom and inner truth, is honored and invoked annually on this day by cants, libations, and secret Pagan rituals performed by those who seek to acquire arcane knowledge.

~ November 29:
Today in 1995, the Henge of Keltria, Celtic-Neopagan organization in US, incorporated as nonprofit.

Each year on this night (according to ancient legend), vampires in Romania are believed to rise up from their graves after a year-long sleep and walk the Earth in search of human blood. Garlic and crucifixes are hung on doors and windows for protection.

In ancient Egypt, the Feast of Hathor as Sekhmet was held each year on this day. It honored the lion-headed goddess of battle, who was also the consort of the moon-god Ptah.

~ November 30:
The Feast of St. Andrew is the celebration in memory and honor of Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, Greece, Romania, Russia, Poland, Ukraine, the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and Saint Andrew, Barbados. In Germany, the feast day is celebrated as Andreasnacht (" Andrew's Night"), in Austria with the custom of Andreasgebet (" Andrew's Prayer"), and in Poland as Andrzejki ("Andrew's "), in Russia as Андреева ночь ("Andrew's nights").
It was thought that ritual slaughter of animals associated with Samhain was moved to this date, so as to assure enough animals were kept alive for winter. But it is only in more recent times that the 30 November has been given national holiday status.

In many rural villages in Germany, young women still perform traditional love-divinations on this night. Using various methods of fortune-telling, they read omens and dreams to find out about their future husbands and marriages.

On this date in the year 1942, Otter Zell (aka Oberon Zell-Ravenheart), Pagan priest and the founder of The Church of All Worlds, was born in Saint Louis, Missouri.

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